The Dogue de Bordeaux is a working type of a dog originating from France. It is a very large French Mastiff type of a dog which has a powerful and muscular body. These characteristics were exploited for many uses along the years and the dog has done everything related to heavy pulling, protecting flocks of sheep and even guarding medieval castles of Europe.
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a typical brachycephalic molossoid type breed, which was used by the elite and powerful people in the past. Today its use is more wide spread and is available to anybody. There are different names that this dog also goes by with others including French Mastiff, Bordeaux Mastiff and Bordeaux dog.
History & Origins
The origin of the Dogue de Bordeaux can be traced back to 14th century France. This breed appeared in the south part of France, namely the city of Bordeaux, which also lent it its name. It is a breed which has been kept pure since then even with attempts to mix it with other kinds of dogs. That is why dogs with masks are not considered to be pure as they are crossbred with an English Mastiff.
Before the dog came to France it is said that it dates back much further than that. Some people relate this dog to the Tibetan Mastiff while others say it descends from the Greco Roman molossoids used for war. There are evidence that similar dogs may have been used in Rome during Julius Ceaser’s reign and may also have ties with the Neapolitan Mastiff.
Nevertheless, this dog has once been classified into three groups, the Parisian, the Toulouse and the Bordeaux. The difference was based on the region of France the dogs were bred in. Today, the breed has mostly been unified.
Dogue de Bordeaux Characteristics & Temperament
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a sweet and docile dog. But it can also be stubborn and arrogant. These characteristics make it a good pet and a great guard dog. They are protective of their property and will make sure that the family is protected and cared for. Your kids will also love it and they will love your kids in return.
But in order to keep your dog well-mannered you have to train it early on. Proper training is necessary here, because if you don’t you will end up with an aggressive dog. You need to be firm with it and let the dog know its boundaries early one. These dogs can be aggressive towards other animals and strangers, so it is absolutely important that you provide it with socialization of any kind as early as you can.
Also, physical training and exercise will keep you dog happy. Their muscular bodies need to be maintained and the dog needs to use its energy as much as it can. Give it room to walk and run and try to play and take the dog on a walk whenever you can.
Appearance, Colors, Size
The Dogue de Bordeaux is characterized by its massive appearance. The dog is very muscular so it can weigh up to 110 pounds for male dogs while females can reach up to 99 pounds. Their height is usually between 24 to 27 inches for male dogs and 23 to 26 inches for female dogs.
They have a very short and soft coat, which is fine when you touch it. There are certain acceptable colors which sometimes vary. But the ones that are characterized for the Dogue de Bordeaux include shades of fawn, mahogany, black, brown and a red mask.
This breed is characterized by having a very muscular and powerful body. They are very much balanced but they are set somewhat low to the ground. The body is thick-set and they have a top-line that forms a slight dip and a rounded croup. The front legs are straight and heavy-boned and they have a strong thick tail which starts like that and then tapers down towards the end.
Dogue de Bordeaux Health
Even with its best efforts the Dogue de Bordeaux is a breed which does not have a long life span. Generally, bigger dogs tend to live shorter, but this one has a small life cycle even for a big dog. Their lifespan is only 5 or 6 years, while 7 is considered a stretch.
Conditions that can affect this breed include breathing problems and intolerance to heat. This is problematic because of the shape of the dog’s head. They can also have heart problems as they are prone to Aortic stenosis. Other afflictions include dilated cardiomyopathy, hyperkeratosis and hip dysplasia.
Grooming & Shedding
The Dogue de Bordeaux is an average shedder. Its fine and short coat sheds during transition periods and it will require some brushing and maintenance. Give your dog regular cleaning and b brush the fur regularly so you remove the excess dead hair.
Bathing is also important only if your dog gets dirty and only if it smells too much. But you should not bathe this type of a dog too often. Clip your dog’s nails and clean its teeth as well.
Price and Breeders
As it stands, getting a Dogue de Bordeaux puppy is not easy and not cheap. The price often stands in some people’s ways, but if you are willing to get this dog you will not mind the price that is demanded for it.
An average price for a Dogue de Bordeaux is between $1000 and $1300 USD. If you are willing to invest so much in a dog there are various breeders in France and Australi where you will find a suitable breeder for this type of a dog.
Dogue de Bordeaux Rescue
Today, finding a Dogue de Bordeaux is much easier than it once was. First of all, established breeders have helped for the breed to spread and secondly various rescue groups have made it even easier to find the type of dog that you are looking for. You may consult the pages of Dogue de Bordeaux Rescue, Inc., Adoptable Dogs – Dogue de Bordeaux Rescue or Dogue de Bordeaux Rescue Australia. There you will be able to get a kind of dog which will suit your needs.