The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a pit bull type dog originating from England. It is a medium sized dog with a short coat. It was developed in the 19th century for reasons which are completely lost to the modern version. Its original aim was to be a fighting and aggressive type of a dog.
While it served its purpose well in the past, this breed is considered as a loveable companion today. A lot of people keep it as their family dog and do not mind having it around children. Some people have nicknamed this dog as Staffy or the Nanny Dog.
History & Origins
The history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier is closely related to blood sports. Back in 19th century Britain, bull bating and bear baiting was emerging and other animal fighting sports started being related to gambling. This was a perfect opportunity to create a dog breed which would hold its own against a bull and provide entertainment for the spectators. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier of that age is completely different from what we have now, but it is the way the breed has been ascended. All types of blood sports were banned in 1835 with the rise of animal welfare programs.
To create a Staffordshire Bull Terrier, they used a cross bread of a bulldog and a landrace working dog. The result was exactly what they aimed to get. But luckily, the breed has lost its aggressiveness over the years and is a perfect companion dog by all accounts. The dog was officially accepted as the Staffordshire Bull Terrie by the Kennel Club in 1935.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Characteristics & Temperament
It is true that the background of Staffordshire Bull Terrier makes it a little bit unnerving when thinking about this dog. But it is in fact a dog which has quite an affectionate nature. It is a trustworthy dog which makes it a great and reliable, multipurpose animal. But due to his background, it retains its toughness and fearfulness.
Staffy puppies are very affection and easy to train and they can easily be housetrained. But they are also very adaptable dogs and do not mind even changing their owners without much of an effect. They are naturally musical, which also means that they need a lot of training and physical exertions. A properly trained dog will be your best friend and will be a good companion to your child. Despite many clams and assumptions about this breed, they remain a very lovable and adaptable type.
Appearance, Colors, Size
The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a stocky and muscular, medium-sized dog. It actually resembles the American Bull Terrier and the American Bit Bull Terrier a bit, but these breeds are much larger in size than this one. The dog has a smooth coat and provides it with a streamlined appearance. The head is wedge-shaped with a relatively short fore-face and very defined occipital muscles. The mouth is wide and they have a clean scissor-like bite. The ears are small and the lips are not loose at all and the cheek muscles are very pronounced.
Accepted coat colors for the Staffordshire Bull Terrier include brindle, red, black, brown, fawn, with and any blending of the given colors. There are also possible liver-colored, black and tan dogs, but these are deemed as not acceptable.
The height of a Staffordshire Bull Terrier is somewhere about 36 to 41 cm. Females are a bit lighter as they weigh to 11 to 15.4 kg while males amount to 13 to 17 kg.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Health
The lifespan of a Staffordshire Bull Terrie is considered as medium. They can live between 10 and 12 years. They are generally healthy but they do have some problems which every owner needs to know and might face at some moment. Some of the hereditary issues that they may have include cataracts and L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria. This can cause your dog to have dementia-like symptoms, but its detectable using DNA tests. Another critical health issues that owners dhould be aware of are mastocytoma and distichiasis.
Grooming & Shedding
Fortunately for the owners, the Staffordshire Bull Terrie sheds very little. They may have a brief but heavy shedding period which occurs once a year. During that period you will require to brush it on a daily basis to remove the dead fur. This will also keep the dog’s coat shiny and neat looking.
During normal periods, it is still nice to brush your dog as often as you can. But the dog can be cleaned quite easily due to its short coat. Even when it gets dirty you can wipe it off very quickly. As far as bathes go, you can do it once or twice a year or whenever it is necessary. Other things that you will need to do is wash for the dental hygiene and clip the dog’s nails.
Price and Breeders
By all accounts, getting a Staffordshire Bull Terrier is not cheap. They are fairly priced dogs and can be worth anywhere between 1,500 dollars and 2,000 dollars. But people say that they are well worth the money that you pay. It is a loyal dog which protects the family. Quality breeders are found in England, but the breed has spread all over the world and you can also look for them in America and Canada.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Rescue
If buying a dog is not your cup of tea, there are other ways to get a Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Of course adoption or saving a dog has become an established way to get it and save a few bucks. Also you are doing a humane job by saving a dog. Look for one on the pages of Pit Bull Rescue Central, PitBulls for Life and Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America.