The Caucasian Shepherd is a very large breed of dog originating from the Caucasian mountains. The breed was established during the USSR so it is registered as a Soviet dog. But more precisely it is from Georgia and it also appears in other countries from the Caucasian region, like Armenia and Azerbaijan, but it also appears in Russia as well. The dog is very big and very strong but it is extremely loyal to the owner.
It has been bred to protect flocks of sheep from predators and also to protect the homestead from any threats. It also goes by a few different names which include the Caucasian Mountain Dogs, the Russian Bear Dogs, Baskhan Pariy and the Caucasian Ovcharka Dog.
Caucasian Shepherd History & Origins
The Caucasian Shepherd is an ancient Molosser breed. It dates back to ancient times as it has been developed in the Caucasian mountainous region. Its home is considered to be Georgian, originally, but it has spread throughout the region as well and is being used in other neighboring countries. You can find these types of dogs in Azerbaijan, Armenia and Russia. Their original purpose was to be sheep herding dogs and they were meant to help the local shepherds keep their flock.
They are also great protectors and will make sure to keep your home safe from any invaders or predators. The Caucasian Shepherd is one of the oldest breeds in the world, and from the original one there came to be a number of breeds which has spread throughout the region. The official showcase of the Caucasian Shepherd outside its home region was in 1930s, when the dog appeared on a show in German. After that it was accepted by many Kennel Clubs around the world.
Characteristics & Temperament
The Caucasian Shepherd is a loving and intelligent dog, but can be a handful to train. Inexperienced trainers and owners are advised not to try training this dog. It can be really difficult to train them as they are quite stubborn at times and have a dose of independence that can only be corrected with proper training if you are capable. But if you manage to achieve this, you will get a very loyal dog which will protect the home and the family. Early socialization comes into play here and is very important as it allows the dog to adapt to the people around it.
These dogs are highly protective of their surrounding and will protect your home. They are very wary of strangers and also do not work well with other animals. Proper training will make them less aggressive, but their natural protective instincts can kick in at times. The same way is with children. Although they can be really good with kids, it is only advisable to keep them around kids if they are properly trained and socialized. The Caucasian Shepherd does not like other dogs and will consider them a threat to its master.
But all of this is avoidable with good training. You also have to make sure to provide them with some exercise and take them on walks. They will prefer staying in a yard where they have more room to move. But they also do not mind and can adapt to an apartment where the dogs are kept today.
Caucasian Shepherd Appearance, Colors, Size
The Caucasian Shepherd is described as a strong boned, muscular and even-tempered kind of a dog. There are actually two types, plain ones and mountain dogs. The former are much lighter but taller and have a shorter coat. As for the latter ones, they are bigger and stronger and come with a heavier coat. The established height for these types of dogs is between 72 and 75 centimeters (28 and 30 in), while their weight varies between 45 and 80 kg (100 to 180 lbs).
Their coats are usually thick and heavy and need to be so because of the weather conditions they originate from. There are actually a variety of colors that they could come in. The most usual ones are brindle coats with a variety of colored patches that they come in. They mostly have white patches on their bodies as well and a mask on their face.
The Caucasian Shepherd is a healthy breed of dog when you take all things into account. These types of dogs are pretty large and are susceptible to some issues that a dog of this size can be affected with. But in most cases they get to live the lifespan of 10 to 12 years, as calculated. They problems that the Caucasian Shepherd may have include hip dysplasia, obesity and occasional heart problems. All of these problems can be managed to solve with regular tests and screenings. One of the most important things for a Caucasian Shepherd is exercise and it is necessary in order to prevent obesity and to keep the dog fit.
Caucasian Shepherd Grooming & Shedding
The Caucasian Shepherd is a moderate shedder. The types of coats differ in length depending on the type of the dog, but in all cases shedding is the same. They also go through a heavily shedding period at least once a year. You should brush the coat of this dog as regularly as you can and it will help you to make the dog as neat as it can. But during shedding season, this should be done more often, at least once a day. Bathing your dog is needed but not as much as with other dogs. But their nails do grow out much fester. Make sure to clip them regularly and clean their ears out.
Price and Breeders
Due to the sheer size of a Caucasian Shepherd, they do not come cheap. These dogs are quite enormous and even getting a small puppy will cost you a pretty penny. The starting price will be around 1,500 USD but it can easily reach 2,000 USD. The original breeders are found in the Caucasian region, but there are more and more appearing around the world. America has the most amount of new breeders.
Caucasian Shepherd Rescue
With the rise of popularity of Caucasian Shepherd dogs, you have the opportunity to get them outside the Caucasian region. But sometimes buying them is too of an expensive option, so adopting one is perfect for most people. Contact Caucasian Ovcharka Rescue Rehome USA and you will be able to rescue this kind of a dog very easily.