The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a pure breed dog originating from the UK. It is bread to be a companion dog, but his sporty ancestor actually gives him other ability that a companion dog usually does not have. It is a small dog and belongs to a spaniel group of dogs and is considered as a toy dog due to its size.
They are the happiest when they are close to their owners or families of owners and they enjoy spending time playing with them. But due to their sporty nature they are highly energetic and like running around. They also like chasing birds, balls and are very nosy as they try to poke it wherever they can. Besides being a companion dog, a Cavalier King Chares Spaniel also found success as a family dog or a therapy dog as well.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel History & Origins
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog is a fairly new type of a dog breed as they were only recreated a century ago. These dogs originate mainly from the spaniel group of dogs which have existed for centuries. These types of dogs were mostly held as companion dogs which were mainly used in noble and were seen in various courts along the years. They were crossbreed with certain hunting dogs which gives them their playful nature and happy humor. You will probably see these dogs on a lot of pictures of kings and queens dating back to the 16th, 17th and 18th century.
The breed was introduced in England and immediately became part of the English nobility entourage. King Charles used to have at least two or three Cavaliers Spaniels dogs around him all the time and it was the reason this dog was given his name, which they still carry today. They are also referred to as the Blenheim, because of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, who fought at the battle of Blenheim and also used to keep these dogs about him quite often.
Characteristics & Temperament
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a very affectionate, playful, cheerful and intelligent dog breed. These dogs are highly sociable and enjoy the company of people mostly but can socialize with other smaller and bigger animals as well. They are not good as watch dogs as they easily befriend strangers, but are very good with children on the other hand.
They are the perfect companion for a family and will always tend to the owner and form a great attachment with the entire family. They are really easy to train and the most important thing is to socialize the dog as early as possible. You do not have to be a professional to train this breed of a dog but you still need to learn it discipline. Individual dogs will have individual tempers so you can expect them to be noisy and quiet, depending on the type of a specific dog.
Appearance, Colors, Size
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel breed is a considered as a lap dog, so you kind of a have an idea how small they actually are. They can grow in size to be about 12 to 13 inches or weigh about 13 to 18 pounds. They are typically not docked and have silky coat of moderate length. Usually they do not have curls but they can afford to have some waves. They sometimes have featherings around their ears, legs and tails and it usually happens in adulthood.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel actually has four recognized colors, which actually sets it apart from other spaniel breeds and helps distinguish them apart. These include the Blenheim, usually of white color with chestnut patches, Tricolor, which is characterized by a white coat with black and tan markings, Black and Tan, which means a black surface with tan markings and Ruby, a solid rich reddish-brown with no other spots or markings.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Health
The expected lifespan of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is usually a little bit under ten years. They unfortunately do not live as long as you would expect and there are a number of diseases that affect them. The most common one is probably mitral valve disease, which could eventually lead to heart failure and will most certainly lead to death. Other types of diseases and conditions include mitral valve disease, syringomyelia, hip dysplasia, luxating patellas, and certain vision and hearing disorders.
Grooming & Shedding
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is an average shedder and does not need so much grooming. It is in some cases better to leave the feathering grow naturally as it gives a more natural look to the dog. Other people like trimming the legs but it actually remains on your personal opinion on how you should do it.
Other trimmings and clippings is not necessary to an extent. You should, on the other hand, clean its teeth on a weekly basis to remove any kind of bacteria which might get stuck there. Nails should be cleaned and clipped once or twice a month. You should also try to accustom your dog to being brushed form an easily age as it will keep it more accustomed to grooming.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Price and Breeders
There are still many factors which will determine the price of a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, but they are priced between 600 dollar and 1,500 dollars. They are still very much available everywhere but the most popular and lucrative breeders are found in the UK and the US. The emergence of new breeders has been recently established in America in recent times.
Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Rescue
Adopting a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel will save you a lot of money. If you want to rescue a dog of this breed, we advise you to check the page of American Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Club, Inc. where you will find something of interest for you.