Your dog is scratching and chewing itself all the time. It is even drawing itself on the ground and feeling really frustrated. What is the matter with it? Why is it doing that?
Yup, skin problems. Your lovable pet has most likely attracted a skin condition that is bothering it.
But no worries, it is not the end of the world. A trip to a veterinarian will fix everything. But to keep you calm before you get there, let us explain to you the basic skin problems that a dog can have and how to deal with them.
Dermatitis is often the result of your dog interacting with the environment. Meaning that a dog can attract these kinds of problems simply by roaming around in the dirt or being exposed to weather conditions. Changeable weather from hot to cold and vice versa may also cause it to happen.
Dogs sometimes leave themselves vulnerable to these conditions when they lick or chew their skin, leaving a patch exposed. This part of the skin may get inflamed due to some outside sources.
The best solution is actually improving your dog’s diet. Many skin problems arise from a lack of proper nutrition. Make sure your dog gets enough vitamins that contain Omega fatty acids.
There are three common types of allergies that dog face: flea, environmental and food. All of these will most cause your dog’s skin to each and it will be constantly scratching itself. That’s the best way to notice.
Although a lot of dogs have fleas not all of them are hypersensitive to them. One bite will cause a problem and will send your dog on an itching frenzy. The good thing is that the best solution is to get rid of all the fleas, both from your house and other pets. Find the best flea bomb for house that you can find and clear your home from all the critters that affect your dog.
Environmental allergy is called atopy. It can be attracted when a dog breathes in pollen or through dander mites. But the most common skin problem comes from grass when it is absorbed directly through the skin. This one is a real hassle to deal with and can only be treated with allergy shots and regular medication until it clears up.
Food allergies are the least common form of all three. Some dogs are allergic to certain types of food. A protein found in a food item may be interpreted as a treat in the dog’s organism if the dog is hypersensitive to it. The solution, identify and eliminate the food source. Simply do not allow your dog to eat the food that it is allergic to and the problem will go away.
Hives are a common skin problem that affects both dogs and humans. In the case of dogs, it appears in the form of bumps that cause your dog to itch. The bumps are raised and the hair of the dog sticks out in the swelled spots. It is really uncomfortable when it appears on the eyelids. Also, hives develop really fast and you may be able to notice them even half an hour after the exposure.
There are many things that cause hives so sometimes you can’t really determine the real problem. An insect bite, medication, topical exposure, all of it can cause your pet to develop it. IN order to treat it, you simply have to determine and cut out the source. As long as your dog is not exposed to what caused it in the first place, it will cool down. The safest bet would be talking the dog to a vet so they can determine the source.
Probably the saddest thing that you would see in the world is a dog that is losing its hair. When the dog’s hair starts falling out, particularly in patches, it is a clear sign of a serious problem. However, it can be really hard to determine the actual reason for it. The best way would be to analyze skin grafts under a microscope.
There are actually plenty of reasons for hair loss: Demodex mites, Cushing’s disease, thyroid problems, adrenalin disorder, etc. The best way to be sure is to take the dog to a vet so the cause is determined.