A Corgi is a small type of dog originating in Wales. The breed also goes by the name of Welsh Corgi and people actually refer to it in both ways. Historically, this is a herding dog originally, but due to its loveable nature and appearance this breed became a great family pet and a companion dog.
There are two different types of Corgi dogs, the Pembroke Welsh Corgi and the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. Both breeds essentially descend from the same ancestor, which is thought to be the Swedish Vallhund, but they have developed a bit differently. The biggest difference is that the Pembroke is more popular of the two while the Cardigan is larger in size. Queen Elizabeth II must be the most popular ambassador of the breed as she has owned around 30 Pembroke Corgi dogs until now.
History & Origins
A Corgi dogs draws its origin from Wales. It was developed as a herding dog, or more accurately a “heeler” as these dogs would nip the hooves and feel of animals that they are herding. They were pretty good at it and Corgis developed into two counties, Pembrokeshire and Cardiganshire, hence the two names and two different types of Corgis. There are various assumptions on how this dog came to be. One even connected with a legend as some say that a Corgi was a gift from fairies and that the saddle markings on their back are a testament to that.
Nevertheless, some other ideas say that the Corgi developed from a Swedish Vallhund, which was brought by the Nordic settles that came there. This is particularly accurate for Cardigan types, but as for Pembroke ones the story says that they are derived from sheep dogs brought there from Germany. Nevertheless, the breed was officially recognized by the Kennel Club in 1934. After Word War II the number of Cardigan ones dwindled and Pembroke types became more common, which is still the case today.
Corgi Characteristics & Temperament
A Corgi was once considered a working dog. But today they are mostly kept as pets due to their loveable nature, obedience and intelligence. They like people and enjoy hanging out around them and can even enjoy the company of your kids. When it comes to training them, they are somewhat stubborn and can cause some difficulties to train. But generally, it will not be too had to train them properly. The best way to train them is to encourage them with food.
But Corgis love to eat, so you have to moderately give them rations. They are prone to overeating and can easily get fat if they are not controlled. Nevertheless, they are still energetic dogs and like running around and playing. They also tend to bark and are very vocal dogs. Early socialization when training them might help and could actually provide for a better and more subservient kind of a dog.
Appearance, Colors, Size
A Corgi is a small type of dog and they do have a characteristic appearance to them. Generally, their size is between 10 and 12 inches and they weight about 30 pounds. Pembrokes are a bit taller and they can grow about two inches higher and will weigh a few pounds more.
A Corgi is a small dog and they are characterized by being stubby. They have a long muzzle, pointy ears and short legs. They also have a double coat, with a thick undercoat and longer overcoat. The usual color variations that we see include red, sable, black, tri-colored, or fawn and they also come with white markings as well. The coat also varies as some can have longer while other have shorter ones. You will also notice featherings on their ears and a fairy saddle on their backs.
A Corgi has a generally lifespan of about 12 years. There were some differences between the Pembroke and the Cardigan type, but it was recently revealed that they only difference in their life expectancy separates them by only a month. Nevertheless, they still have similar healthy issues with the leading cause of death for both versions still being cancer, followed by kidney failure or a urethral obstruction.
Other forms of illnesses that a Corgi can suffer from include progressive retinal atrophy, canine glaucoma, false pregnancies and musculoskeletal issues like Hip dysplasia and arthritis.
Grooming & Shedding
A Corgi sheds constantly. This means that they will require additional maintenance so your house does not get dirty from all the fur. They are actually easy to groom, but the only problem for them is shedding. You do need to brush them a few times a week but when it comes to the heavier shedding period, daily brushes are needed constantly. You do not have to bathe them so much, but people find that more frequent baths also help with lessening the shedding. Either way, do not overdo it and try to provide the dogs with a moderate level of baths. Brushing their teeth at least two or three times a week will keep your dog healthy and trimming their nails will keep it clean.
Corgi Price and Breeders
A Corgi is a very popular breed these days. Its popularity started growing in Britain and they spread out across the world. Today, there are many breeders that are breeding quality dogs, but still the best ones are found in Britain. Nevertheless, if you want to get a Corgi, you will have to pay a sum of between 600 and 1,000 dollars per puppy.
As with most dog breeds today, you can also try and rescue a Corgi. If finding a quality breeder and a way to buy a Corgi is way too of a hassle for you, there is a way of doing something different and rescuing one. Adoption can be made with such organizations as Lakeshore Pembroke Welsh Corgi Rescue and we advise you to try it.