A Doberman Pinscher is a medium sized dog developed in Germany. The person owed the development of a Doberman is Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, who was a tax collector from Germany and who is credited for developing the breed. This is a very gracefully looking dog which has a lot of purposes. Depending on its training, you can use the dog for various sorts of things.
Probably the most usual one today is being a family dog and also a guard dog. But their purpose has not gone unnoticed with the police as they are used in law enforcement as well. While the dog is generally known as simply the Doberman around the world, people in America and Canada refer to it as the Doberman Pinscher.
History & Origins
A Doberman Pinscher was developed by Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann in the city of Apolda, in the German state of Thuringia around 1890. Karl Friedrich was a tax collector and he needed to go through different dangerous neighborhoods. So the idea for him was to develop a breed which will protect him while doing his job. The qualities that he searched for were intelligence, obedience, strength, endurance, loyalty but also ferocity. This is how the original Doberman breed was born. Latter, it was developed even further by Otto Goeller and Philip Greunig who added more elements to the mix.
Generally speaking, the dog was a result of a mixture of several dog breeds. As it is assumed today, the breeds included are the Beauceron, German Pinscher, Rottweiler and Weimaraner. Later added were also the Greyhound and Manchester Terrier, but the most important part was the German Shepherd gene that the dog possesses.
Doberman Pinscher Characteristics & Temperament
What characterizes the Doberman Pinscher’s personality is very high intelligence and high amounts of energy. These dogs are very active and enjoy exerting energy. When they are younger they are a lot more playful and will enjoy time with younger kids. As they grow up their intelligence starts to develop and training them will become more challenging as they excel at games and any sort of exercise you throw at them. A Doberman will also form an attachment to the family that it belongs to and acts as a great guard dog when trained.
In order to train the dog properly, you have to think of different ways to provide it with social and mental stimulation. They react to different kinds of methods and the best way would be to change it constantly. You need to make sure to provide it with regular and different exercises to develop their muscular bodies. These dogs can be aggressive and have it in their DNA, but if you train them properly and allow it socialization with lots of experiences you will not have to be worried about that.
Appearance, Colors, Size
As far as the size of the Doberman Pinscher goes, there are some variations depending on the Kennel Club. But mostly, the size of a male Doberman varies between 68 to 72 centimeters and for females it is 63 to 68 centimeters. The males weigh between 40 and 45 kilograms and females are 32–35 kilograms. All in all, the Doberman is described as a graceful and muscular dog.
Depending on the gene factors, there are four different colorations for a Doberman dog. They can be black, blue, red and fawn but the most usual one is black or black rust as they refer to it. There was also the case of a white Doberman Pinscher back some time ago. But this one has been discredited by today’s standards.
A Doberman has a very distinctive look. They have a long muzzle and always stand on their toes, giving them a graceful look. Ears are usually cropped and the tail docked, but this is only done in the countries where this is still allowed. They carry their ears erect as this is the characteristic of a watch dog as it enables them to hear much better.
Doberman Pinscher Health
A Doberman Pinscher does not have many health problems that you need to worry about. Their standard lifespan goes between 10 and 13 years on average. There are still some health concerns that can be worrisome and if not attended, they might cause problems for the dog.
The most common ones are dilated cardiomyopathy, cervical vertebral instability, von Willebrand’s disease and prostatic diseases. But one does not have to disregard other problems such as hypothyroidism and hip dysplasia.
Grooming & Shedding
A Doberman Pinscher has a short neat coat which requires minimal grooming. But if you hoped that this dog is not a shedder because the way it looks, you are wrong. The dog actually sheds and will need regular brushing the remove all the dead hair. A Doberman is a generally clean dog and they do not have a typical doggy odor but still need cleaning. Use a brush every day, particularly during the shedding season so you can remove all the excess hair that comes of it.
Bathing your dog frequently is absolutely not necessary. They have a tendency to remain clean and you can give them a bath only when absolutely necessary. These dogs do need dental hygiene on the other hand. You can brush their teeth a few times a week to keep their mouths clean. Also, clipping their nails regularly is required as well.
Price and Breeders
A dog like the Doberman Pinscher does not go for a small price. Dobermans can be expensive to get and they owe that to their versatile use and purpose in life. These dogs are seen as quite valuable so just by getting a puppy you will have to pay a sum of around 1,500 dollars. But if you look at the dog’s pedigree, there is a great possibility that they will cost more.
Doberman Pinscher Rescue
Alternative ways of getting a Doberman Pinscher include adopting and rescuing one. This is quite possible if you look at some of the adoption organizations that are giving their service and are doing a great job of it. Groups like The Doberman Pinscher Club of America and Illinois Doberman Rescue Plus are just some of the prime examples on how things need to be done properly with rescuing Doberman dogs. Check their pages out of more information.