The Pekingese is an ancient breed of dog, originating from China. This is a lap dog and a companion dog which was used in Chinese courts by emperors and various princes. Today this dog has a similar purpose, but is not a part of royalty as it once was. Nevertheless, it is a great family companion and a designer dog that a lot of people like showcasing at certain dog shows.
The name of the Pekingese is derived from the Chinese city Beijing, which is also referred to as Peking. The Pekingese also has some other names that it is recognized for, like Lion Dog, Pelchie Dog, Peking Lion Dog or Peke. People in china call it Shih Tzu, which directly translates as “Lion Dog” from Chinese.
The Pekingese has been used in crossbreeding to create other breeds of dogs. Some of the popular products are the Peekapoo, crossed with a Poodle, and Peke-a-tese, a crossbred with a Maltese.
Pekingese History & Origins
The Pekingese is an ancient breed of dogs which can be traced back as early as with its connection to wolves. They come from Western China and were mainly used by Buddhist monks and were members of the Chinese Imperil Palace. At first, no one was able to own this dog except royalty. Today, this dog is still consider as a dog which places you above others in society but not in a way as it used to be before.
After the Second Opium Wars and the British and French troops invaded the Old Summer Palace, they found certain Pekingese dogs which they took and brought to Britain. Some Pekingese were presented as gifts and made their way to America and Ireland. The Pekingese soon became an attraction for powerful people around Western Europe and they soon started using them for the same purpose they originally had in their home country.
Characteristics & Temperament
Pekingese dogs are characterized by being very stubborn and hot-headed. But at the same time they can be very loyal and protective of the people important to them. They have a temper and if you do not respect them they will not respect you. This is a characteristic that they have developed by being watch dogs in the past. Their regal appearance and stance suggest their temper. This is why you need to approach training this dog with kindness and with positive influences. If you convince the dog to do something that it thinks it is their idea, you are half way there in properly training your dog.
The Pekingese may not look the part physically to what its nature actually is. It is a lively dog but its temperament can sometimes get the better of it. They tend to bark and can be loud. They will get along with kids but if they are provoked by small kids they might bark back and scare them. This could be handled by proper training.
Pekingese Appearance, Colors, Size
The Pekingese are small types of dogs and are characterized as toy dogs or lap dogs. They are very small in size and can grow up to be only 6 to 9 inches in height and weigh between 7 and 14 pounds the most. In any competition, if a Pekingese weighs more than 15 pounds it will be disqualified.
A very interesting fact is that the Pekingese is a breed which has not changed its appearance for a very long time. The breed is about 2,000 years old. The body of the dog is compact and sits quite low to the ground. It has a flat face and big, bulging eyes. You cannot tell by looking at it at first, but the Pekingese has a very muscular and durable body. It is very durable and is able to withstand a lot.
As far as color go, there are a few color variations that have been accepted as standard for the breed. The majority of the dogs are either gold, red or sable. Also accepted are cream, black, white, sables, black and tan, but those are much rarer than the standard ones. The rarest colors is the case with ‘blue’ or slate grey. There are also albino Pekingese dogs which are white and have ping eyes, but these usually suffer from a lot of health problems.
A Pekingese has a moderate lifespan and can live anywhere between 12 to 15 years. But the breed suffers from certain health issues which mostly affect various other toy breeds. One of the leading causes of death is certainly trauma. Due to their size the Pekingese can get injured quite often.
Other health issues and conditions include neurologic and cardiovascular problems, which can lead up to hearth failure. Due to their small skulls, the Pekingese can also inherit breathing problems and at the same time develop eye issues. This means that they can develop conditions like eye ulcers and progressive retinal atrophy. Their health is the main reason why this breed does not enjoy the outdoors so much. Better keep the dog inside if you want it to stay healthy.
Pekingese Grooming & Shedding
The Pekingese is characterized by its long hair and a unique coat. It is what makes this dog attractive to a lot of people but can be problematic as it will make a big mess in your home. One of the ways that you can prevent it from shedding so much is to keep it properly and brush it on a daily basis. Since this dog is often showcased at various competitions, it needs some special attention. So people often decide to use professional groomer so take care of it.
Giving your dog a bath is necessary once or twice a month, depending on how dirty it is. You can also use various shampoos depending on the fur. Clean their eyes and damp them with a wet cloth. This will prevent bacteria from infecting their eyes. Trimming your pet’s nails is also an important part of cleaning and you can do that depending on how fast its nails grow.
Price and Breeders
A Pekingese is a type of dog that people also keep for aesthetic reasons. It is a breed that often serves as a great contender at any dog competition. This boosts their price a bit and it also depends a lot on the background of the parents. But generally speaking, on average, you will have to pay between 400 USD and 600 USD for a Pekingese puppy.
Now there are other ways for you to get a Pekingese dog. Rescue group exist all over and are a great way for you to adopt a healthy and a good looking dog. If you have never tried this before, it is high time to check it out. Some of the prime rescue groups include Houston Pekingese Rescue, Northeast Pekingese Rescue, Peke Rescue Network and PekingeseRescue.org. Try checking their pages so you see how things work and maybe you can find a dog of your own.